version

A version is one specific form or the work–the one the author intended at some particular moment in time. A version has no substantial existence, but it is represented more or less will or completely by a single text as found in a manuscript, proof, book, or some other written or printed form. In other words, a version is the ideal form of a work as it was intended at a single moment or period for the author. The temporal limits included in this definition acknowledge the fluctuating intentions attending creative acts (Shillingsburg 1986, 47).

version–one of two or more authoritative forms of a work. There may be disagreement over whether or not a variant reading or collection of variant readings constitutes any unity of effect that demands significant critical attention (Shillingsburg 1986, 173).

Version: état déjà relativement achevé d’une élaboration textuelle; il peut exister plusieurs versions manuscrites et/ou versions imprimées d’un même texte (Grésillon 1994, 246).

Each version shows the work as it represents a specific point in time and a concrete phase of the author’s personal, artistic, and ideological development (Scheibe 1995a, 197).

Textual versions are achieved or unachieved elaborations of the text that diverge from one another. They originate at concrete historical moments and, for the author, represent the work for a specific duration (Scheibe 1995a, 207).

A version is one specific form or the work–the one the author intended at some particular moment in time. A version has no substantial existence, but it is represented more or less will or completely by a single text as found in a manuscript, proof, book, or some other written or printed form. In other words, a version is the ideal form of a work as it was intended at a single moment or period for the author. The temporal limits included in this definition acknowledge the fluctuating intentions attending creative acts (Shillingsburg 1996, 44).

Fassung Vollendete oder nicht vollendete Ausführung eines (Kunst-)Werks, die von einer anderen Ausführung abweicht (Plachta 1997, 136).

version. One of two or more authoritative forms of a work. There may be disagreement over whether or not a variant reading or collection of variant readings constitutes any unity of effect that demands significant critical attention (Shillingsburg 1996, 175-6).

Literary works invariably exist in more than one version, either in early manuscript forms, subsequent print editions, or even adaptations in other media with or without the author‘s consent. The process of authorial, editorial, and cultural revision that create these versions are inescapable elements of the literary phenomenon, and if we are to understand how writing and the transmission of literary works operate in the process of meaning making, we need first to recognize this fact of fluidity and also devise critical approaches, and a critical vocabulary, that will allow us to talk about the meaning of textual fluidity in writing and in culture (Bryant 2002, 1-2).

Een versie van een literair werk is geen materiële substantie; ze wordt weergegeven in een tekst die de intentie van een auteur op een bepaald ogenblik goed of minder goed weerspiegelt (Van Hulle 1998, 97).

A t is recognized as a t because it differs from other letters and because it has a number of characteristic features that correspond with the features of the other specimens of a t in the database (to which this new specimen may be added). Similarly, a text or manifestation of a version of a work may differ from that of another version, but in spite of their differences, there are also correspondences that suggest they may be subsumed under the same title. Whether or not the work this title refers to is the sum of all its variants is a matter of interpretation (Van Hulle 2004, 44-45).

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